What Were The Social Impacts Of The 2004 Tsunami?

When was the last tsunami in the world?

January 22, 2017Tsunami of January 22, 2017 (Bougainville, P.N.G.) Tsunami of December 17, 2016 (New Britain, P.N.G.).

What are the long term effects of a tsunami?

Tsunami flooding then continues to cause damage for several more weeks. The effects of the tsunami on the country during this period range from destruction and damage, death, injury, millions of dollars in financial loss, and long lasting psychological problems for the inhabitants of the region.

Can you survive a tsunami in a pool?

You asked: “If I saw a tsunami approaching, but then jumped in a large pool full of water nearby before it hit, would I survive?” The simple answer is “No!” … Being in the water (swimming pool or any other water) is no protection from the huge wave of a tsunami (sometimes more than one).

How much damage did the 2004 tsunami cause?

Tsunami of 2004, caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, is the most devastating tsunami in modern times, affecting 18 countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day, and leaving more than 1.7 million homeless.

Which country was hit hardest by the 2004 tsunami?

The tsunami had the greatest impact on rural coastal communities, many of which were already poor and vulnerable and had few livelihood options. The hardest-hit and most severely affected countries were India, Indonesia, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Thailand.

What are the economic impacts of tsunamis?

Loss of income in the local economy and future losses from the destruction of infrastructure will be a problem for some time to come. The total financial cost of the tsunami could be millions or even billions of dollars of damage to coastal structures and habitats.

Where was the largest tsunami in history recorded?

Lituya BayIn fact, the largest tsunami wave ever recorded broke on a cool July night in 1958 and only claimed five lives. A 1,720 foot tsunami towered over Lituya Bay, a quiet fjord in Alaska, after an earthquake rumbled 13 miles away.

How long did the 2004 tsunami last?

Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, tsunami that hit the coasts of several countries of South and Southeast Asia in December 2004. The tsunami and its aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the rim of the Indian Ocean. did you know? The earthquake that caused the tsunami lasted almost 10 minutes.

How does disaster affect the economy?

Natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and hurricanes inflict serious damage and so seem to be bad for the economy. For firms, natural disasters destroy tangible assets such as buildings and equipment – as well as human capital – and thereby deteriorate their production capacity.

What were the economic impacts of the 2004 tsunami?

In terms of the death toll and the number of displaced people, this was the worst natural disaster in recorded history in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The total economic cost of damage was estimated at US$ 9.4 billion. In Aceh the cost of damage (US$4.5billion), was almost equal to its GDP in the previous year.

What was life like after the 2004 tsunami?

Many lost family and friends. About half moved to camps that were set up for the displaced. The other half moved to other communities and lived with family or friends or rented homes. Fully two-thirds of the population in badly damaged areas moved away.

How high was the wave of the 2004 tsunami?

The greatest run-up height of the tsunami was measured at a hill between Lhoknga and Leupung, on the western coast of the northern tip of Sumatra, near Banda Aceh, and reached 51 m (167 ft). The tsunami heights in Sumatra: 15–30 m (49–98 ft) on the west coast of Aceh. 6–12 m (20–39 ft) on the Banda Aceh coast.

What is the deadliest tsunami in history?

Boxing Day tsunamiThe Boxing Day tsunami would be the deadliest in recorded history, taking a staggering 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. The city of Banda Aceh on the northern tip of Sumatra was closest to the powerful earthquake’s epicenter and the first waves arrived in just 20 minutes.

What happened to the environment after the 2004 tsunami?

A number of varied coastal and land ecosystems were affected by the tsunami, particularly coral reefs. About 15 to 20 percent of the coral reefs were affected by the tsunami – due to siltation and sand infiltration. The backwash from the tsunami wave carried debris from inland areas that also damaged the coral reefs.

What is tsunami and its causes and effects?

A tsunami is a series of large waves generated by an abrupt movement on the ocean floor that can result from an earthquake, an underwater landslide, a volcanic eruption or – very rarely – a large meteorite strike. However, powerful undersea earthquakes are responsible for most tsunamis.

What are the social impacts of a tsunami?

Social impacts of the tsunami (effects on people) 1.7 million homeless. 5-6 million needing emergency aid, eg food and water. Threat of disease from mixing of fresh water, sewage and salt water. 1,500 villages destroyed in northern Sumatra.

Who was affected by the tsunami in 2004?

It was a disaster still remembered today for its sheer destruction which saw 14 countries affected including India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Maldives, Burma (Myanmar), Somalia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bangladesh, South Africa, Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania and the Seychelles.

What made the 2004 tsunami so devastating?

A powerful undersea earthquake that struck off the coast of Sumatra island, Indonesia, set off the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, also known as the Christmas or Boxing Day tsunami, on Sunday morning, Dec. 26, 2004. … The quake caused the ocean floor to suddenly rise by as much as 40 meters, triggering a massive tsunami.